Molecular Modeling of the Subtype Dopamine Receptor-ligand Interactions
Dopamine agonists and antagonists and its receptor play a critical role in the information transfer in the nervous system, and dopamine receptor-ligands interactions are deeply related to Parkinson’s disease, schizophrenia and some other mental diseases. However, the only experimental 3D structure available for dopamine receptors is human D3 dopamine receptor. Therefore, it is important to create model of subtype dopamine receptor-ligands interactions. We report here the 3D structures of the human D1 and D2 dopamine receptor predicted by using GalaxyTBM, and its predicted binding site determined by using GalaxyDock. The highly conserved Asp on TM 3 and Phe on TM 6 have critical role in ligand binding. Also, highly conserved serines on TM 5 are essential for binding agonists and some kinds of antagonists. We identify differences between binding sites of agonists and antagonists of human D1 and D2 dopamine receptor, and find the reasons of selective binding of antagonists.